Maharishi Patanjali has defined Yoga as the “detention of the thoughts of the mind” ( Yoga: Chittatvantanvarata ). He has compiled Yoga Sutras with the name Yoga Sutra, in which he explained in detail the path of Yoga with eight limbs for complete welfare and physical, mental and spiritual purification. Ashtanga Yoga ( Yoga with eight limbs) should not be considered as a path of eight different steps; This is the eight-dimensional path in which eight dimensions are practiced simultaneously. These eight parts of yoga are:
(1) Yama, (2)Niyam (Rule), (3) Asana, (4) Pranayama, (5) Pratyahar, (6) Dharana (7) (Dhyaan)Meditation (8) Samadhi
According to Ashtanga Yoga Maharishi Patanjali, the name of the detention of meditation is Yoga (Yoga Mutation). Some conditions are necessary for the sake of its position and accomplishment, which are called ‘organ’ and which are considered as eight. Under Ashtanga Yoga, the first five limbs (Yama, Rama, Asana, Pranayama and Pratyahara) are ‘Bahirang’ and the remaining three limbs (Dharana, Meditation, Samadhi) are known as ‘intimate’. Only after being indulging in outward conduct, the seeker gets the right to inspire himself. ‘Yama’ and ‘Rule’ are literally representation of penance and penance. Yama means restraint which is considered to be of five types: (a) Non-violence, (b) Truth, (c) Asty (not stealing, i.e., not slandering for the substance of another). Similarly there are five types of rules: defecation, contentment, tenacity, Swadhyaya (chanting of moksha shastra or chanting of pranav) and God pranidyana (dedication to all deeds devoted in God). Asana implies the kind of stable and pleasurable seating (stable happiness), which is the spiritual practice of transmigration. When chanting of Asana, the name of separation of breathing speed is called pranayama. Taking out external air is called breathing and exhalation of the inner air. Pranayam is the spiritual practice of pranayastharya. Its practice brings stability in life and the seeker is moving forward for the stability of his mind. The last three limbs are the meditation of mind: Stabilization. The intermediate spiritual practice of life force and mind stability is called ‘Pratyahara’. The proliferation of prana by pranayam becomes relatively low when the externally expressed value of the mind. The fruit is that the senses become introverted away from their external subjects. This name is Pratyahar (counter = adverse, diet = instinct). is. The proliferation of prana by pranayam becomes relatively low when the externally expressed value of the mind. The fruit is that the senses become introverted away from their external subjects. This name is Pratyahar (counter = adverse, diet = instinct). is. The proliferation of prana by pranayam becomes relatively low when the externally expressed value of the mind. The fruit is that the senses become introverted away from their external subjects. This name is Pratyahar (counter = adverse, diet = instinct).
Now the extroverted motion of the mind stops and aims to be stable by being introverted. The name of the initial state of this effort is perception. Applying the mind on any part of the body (such as in the heart, on the face of the nostrils) or on the external form (such as the idol of goddess idol) is called ‘Dharana’ (patriotism assumption; yoga sutra 3.1). Meditation is the situation ahead. When the knowledge of object object flows continuously in that particular country, then it is called ‘meditation’. Trend and attention are present in both the conditions, but the difference is that in instinct, there is an instinct for an instinct, but in meditation there is only flow of resemblance, not the absence of vision. The name of maturity of meditation is the samadhi itself. The mind is influenced in the shape of the suspension, Your form becomes null and the only suspension is published. This is called the state of samadhi. The collective name of the last three limbs is ‘Samyama’, the result of which is the light of light or light of Vivek fame. Pratyagya arises after samadhi and this is the ultimate goal of yoga.
Five Social Ethics
(A) Non – violence – not causing harm to anyone with words, thoughts and deeds
(B) Truth – truthfulness in thoughts, staying in the supreme truth, speaking the words of honesty as it is in the mind
(C) Existence – the absence of thievery
(D) Brahmacharya – There are two meanings:
Stabilizing Consciousness in the Knowledge of Spirit
Restraint in all the sensory-borne pleasures
(F) Aparigraha – not accumulating excess and not wanting the things of others
•Niyam ( rule )
Five personal morality
(A) defecation – purification of body and mind
(B) Satisfaction – be contented and happy
(C) Tenacity – being disciplined by oneself
(D) Self -discipline – self -contemplation
(F) God-ordination – complete devotion to God, complete devotion
•Aashna ( posture )
Physical control by yoga
Main article: Pranayama
Control of life by breathing-related special techniques
•Pratyahar ( Retraction )
According to Maharishi Patanjali according to the senses, the senses are making the mind playful, it is the withdrawal of the emotions that follow the pattern of concentrated mind. With the withdrawal, the senses are in control and they get complete conquest. Therefore, when the mind is blocked, the senses also get stuck in the same way, as the other bees stop at the place where the queen bee stops at one place.
•Dharana ( perception )
To be concentrated, subdue your mind.
•Dhyaan ( Meditation)
Joining the soul: beyond words, the state of ultimate cognition, experience all the samadhi !!!